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Oregon Theft Laws

Oregon Theft Laws

 

DEFINITIONS

164.005 Definitions. As used in chapter 743, Oregon Laws 1971, unless the context requires otherwise:

(1) "Appropriate property of another to oneself or a third person" or "appropriate" means to:

(a) Exercise control over property of another, or to aid a third person to exercise control over property of another, permanently or for so extended a period or under such circumstances as to acquire the major portion of the economic value or benefit of such property; or

(b) Dispose of the property of another for the benefit of oneself or a third person.

(2) "Deprive another of property" or "deprive" means to:

(a) Withhold property of another or cause property of another to be withheld from that person permanently or for so extended a period or under such circumstances that the major portion of its economic value or benefit is lost to that person; or

(b) Dispose of the property in such manner or under such circumstances as to render it unlikely that an owner will recover such property.

(3) "Obtain" includes, but is not limited to, the bringing about of a transfer or purported transfer of property or of a legal interest therein, whether to the obtainer or another.

(4) "Owner of property taken, obtained or withheld" or "owner" means any person who has a right to possession thereof superior to that of the taker, obtainer or withholder.

(5) "Property" means any article, substance or thing of value, including, but not limited to, money, tangible and intangible personal property, real property, choses-in-action, evidence of debt or of contract. [1971 c.743 §121]

Note: Legislative Counsel has substituted "chapter 743, Oregon Laws 1971," for the words "this Act" in sections 121 and 131, chapter 743, Oregon Laws 1971, compiled as 164.005 and 164.115. Specific ORS references have not been substituted, pursuant to 173.160. These sections may be determined by referring to the 1971 Comparative Section Table located in Volume 20 of ORS.

164.010 [Amended by 1959 c.236 §1; repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

THEFT AND RELATED OFFENSES

164.015 "Theft" described. A person commits theft when, with intent to deprive another of property or to appropriate property to the person or to a third person, the person:

(1) Takes, appropriates, obtains or withholds such property from an owner thereof;

(2) Commits theft of property lost, mislaid or delivered by mistake as provided in ORS 164.065;

(3) Commits theft by extortion as provided in ORS 164.075;

(4) Commits theft by deception as provided in ORS 164.085; or

(5) Commits theft by receiving as provided in ORS 164.095. [1971 c.743 §123; 2007 c.71 §47]

164.020 [Amended by 1959 c.236 §2; repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

164.025 Consolidation of theft offenses; pleading and proof. (1) Except for the crime of theft by extortion, conduct denominated theft under ORS 164.015 constitutes a single offense.

(2) If it is an element of the crime charged that property was taken by extortion, an accusation of theft must so specify. In all other cases an accusation of theft is sufficient if it alleges that the defendant committed theft of property of the nature or value required for the commission of the crime charged without designating the particular way or manner in which the theft was committed.

(3) Proof that the defendant engaged in conduct constituting theft as defined in ORS 164.015 is sufficient to support any indictment, information or complaint for theft other than one charging theft by extortion. An accusation of theft by extortion must be supported by proof establishing theft by extortion. [1971 c.743 §122]

164.030 [Amended by 1955 c.37 §1; 1959 c.236 §3; repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

164.035 Defenses to theft. (1) In a prosecution for theft it is a defense that the defendant acted under an honest claim of right, in that:

(a) The defendant was unaware that the property was that of another; or

(b) The defendant reasonably believed that the defendant was entitled to the property involved or had a right to acquire or dispose of it as the defendant did.

(2) In a prosecution for theft by extortion committed by instilling in the victim a fear that the victim or another person would be charged with a crime, it is a defense that the defendant reasonably believed the threatened charge to be true and that the sole purpose of the defendant was to compel or induce the victim to take reasonable action to make good the wrong which was the subject of the threatened charge.

(3) In a prosecution for theft by receiving, it is a defense that the defendant received, retained, concealed or disposed of the property with the intent of restoring it to the owner.

(4) It is a defense that the property involved was that of the defendant's spouse, unless the parties were not living together as husband and wife and were living in separate abodes at the time of the alleged theft. [1971 c.743 §132; 2001 c.104 §53]

164.040 [Amended by 1959 c.236 §4; repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

164.043 Theft in the third degree. (1) A person commits the crime of theft in the third degree if, by means other than extortion, the person:

(a) Commits theft as defined in ORS 164.015; and

(b) The total value of the property in a single or an aggregate transaction is under $50.

(2) Theft in the third degree is a Class C misdemeanor. [1987 c.907 §2]

164.045 Theft in the second degree. (1) A person commits the crime of theft in the second degree if, by other than extortion, the person:

(a) Commits theft as defined in ORS 164.015; and

(b) The total value of the property in a single or aggregate transaction is $50 or more but is under $200 in a case of theft by receiving and under $750 in any other case.

(2) Theft in the second degree is a Class A misdemeanor. [1971 c.743 §124; 1987 c.907 §3; 1993 c.680 §19]

164.050 [Repealed by 1965 c.253 §153]

164.055 Theft in the first degree. (1) A person commits the crime of theft in the first degree if, by other than extortion, the person commits theft as defined in ORS 164.015 and:

(a) The total value of the property in a single or aggregate transaction is $200 or more in a case of theft by receiving, and $750 or more in any other case;

(b) The theft is committed during a riot, fire, explosion, catastrophe or other emergency in an area affected by the riot, fire, explosion, catastrophe or other emergency;

(c) The theft is theft by receiving committed by buying, selling, borrowing or lending on the security of the property;

(d) The subject of the theft is a firearm or explosive;

(e) The subject of the theft is a livestock animal, a companion animal or a wild animal removed from habitat or born of a wild animal removed from habitat, pursuant to ORS 497.308 (2)(c); or

(f) The subject of the theft is a precursor substance.

(2) As used in this section:

(a) "Companion animal" means a dog or cat possessed by a person, business or other entity for purposes of companionship, security, hunting, herding or providing assistance in relation to a physical disability.

(b) "Explosive" means a chemical compound, mixture or device that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing a chemical reaction resulting in a substantially instantaneous release of gas and heat, including but not limited to dynamite, blasting powder, nitroglycerin, blasting caps and nitrojelly, but excluding fireworks as defined in ORS 480.110 (1), black powder, smokeless powder, small arms ammunition and small arms ammunition primers.

(c) "Firearm" means a weapon, by whatever name known, which is designed to expel a projectile by the action of black powder or smokeless powder and which is readily capable of use as a weapon.

(d) "Livestock animal" means a ratite, psittacine, horse, gelding, mare, stallion, colt, mule, ass, jenny, bull, steer, cow, calf, goat, sheep, lamb, llama, pig or hog.

(e) "Precursor substance" has the meaning given that term in ORS 475.940.

(3) Theft in the first degree is a Class C felony. [1971 c.743 §125; 1973 c.405 §1; 1983 c.740 §32; 1987 c.907 §4; 1991 c.837 §9; 1993 c.252 §5; 1993 c.680 §20; 2005 c.706 §10]

164.057 Aggravated theft in the first degree. (1) A person commits the crime of aggravated theft in the first degree, if:

(a) The person violates ORS 164.055 with respect to property, other than a motor vehicle used primarily for personal rather than commercial transportation; and

(b) The value of the property in a single or aggregate transaction is $10,000 or more.

(2) Aggravated theft in the first degree is a Class B felony. [1987 c.907 §5]

164.060 [Repealed by 1965 c.253 §153]

164.065 Theft of lost, mislaid property. A person who comes into control of property of another that the person knows or has good reason to know to have been lost, mislaid or delivered under a mistake as to the nature or amount of the property or the identity of the recipient, commits theft if, with intent to deprive the owner thereof, the person fails to take reasonable measures to restore the property to the owner. [1971 c.743 §126]

164.070 [Amended by 1965 c.253 §131; repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

164.075 Theft by extortion. (1) A person commits theft by extortion when the person compels or induces another to deliver property to the person or to a third person by instilling in the other a fear that, if the property is not so delivered, the actor or a third person will in the future:

(a) Cause physical injury to some person;

(b) Cause damage to property;

(c) Engage in other conduct constituting a crime;

(d) Accuse some person of a crime or cause criminal charges to be instituted against the person;

(e) Expose a secret or publicize an asserted fact, whether true or false, tending to subject some person to hatred, contempt or ridicule;

(f) Cause or continue a strike, boycott or other collective action injurious to some person's business, except that such conduct is not considered extortion when the property is demanded or received for the benefit of the group in whose interest the actor purports to act;

(g) Testify or provide information or withhold testimony or information with respect to another's legal claim or defense;

(h) Use or abuse the position as a public servant by performing some act within or related to official duties, or by failing or refusing to perform an official duty, in such manner as to affect some person adversely; or

(i) Inflict any other harm that would not benefit the actor.

(2) Theft by extortion is a Class B felony. [1971 c.743 §127; 1987 c.158 §27; 2007 c.71 §48]

164.080 [Repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

164.085 Theft by deception. (1) A person, who obtains property of another thereby, commits theft by deception when, with intent to defraud, the person:

(a) Creates or confirms another's false impression of law, value, intention or other state of mind that the actor does not believe to be true;

(b) Fails to correct a false impression that the person previously created or confirmed;

(c) Prevents another from acquiring information pertinent to the disposition of the property involved;

(d) Sells or otherwise transfers or encumbers property, failing to disclose a lien, adverse claim or other legal impediment to the enjoyment of the property, whether such impediment is or is not valid, or is or is not a matter of official record; or

(e) Promises performance that the person does not intend to perform or knows will not be performed.

(2) "Deception" does not include falsity as to matters having no pecuniary significance, or representations unlikely to deceive ordinary persons in the group addressed. For purposes of this subsection, the theft of a companion animal, as defined in ORS 164.055, or a captive wild animal is a matter having pecuniary significance.

(3) In a prosecution for theft by deception, the defendant's intention or belief that a promise would not be performed may not be established by or inferred from the fact alone that such promise was not performed.

(4) In a prosecution for theft by deception committed by means of a bad check, it is prima facie evidence of knowledge that the check or order would not be honored if:

(a) The drawer has no account with the drawee at the time the check or order is drawn or uttered; or

(b) Payment is refused by the drawee for lack of funds, upon presentation within 30 days after the date of utterance, and the drawer fails to make good within 10 days after receiving notice of refusal. [1971 c.743 §128; 1991 c.837 §10; 2007 c.71 §49]

164.090 [Repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

164.095 Theft by receiving. (1) A person commits theft by receiving if the person receives, retains, conceals or disposes of property of another knowing or having good reason to know that the property was the subject of theft.

(2) "Receiving" means acquiring possession, control or title, or lending on the security of the property. [1971 c.743 §129]

164.098 Organized retail theft. (1) A person commits the crime of organized retail theft if, acting in concert with another person:

(a) The person violates ORS 164.015 or aids or abets the other person to violate ORS 164.015;

(b) The subject of the theft is merchandise and the merchandise is taken from a mercantile establishment; and

(c) The aggregate value of the merchandise taken within any 90-day period exceeds $5,000.

(2) As used in this section:

(a) "Merchandise" has the meaning given that term in ORS 30.870.

(b) "Mercantile establishment" has the meaning given that term in ORS 30.870.

(3) Organized retail theft is a Class B felony. [2007 c.498 §2]

Note: 164.098 was added to and made a part of ORS chapter 164 by legislative action but was not added to any smaller series therein. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

164.100 [Repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

164.105 Right of possession. Right of possession of property is as follows:

(1) A person who has obtained possession of property by theft or other illegal means shall be deemed to have a right of possession superior to that of another person who takes, obtains or withholds the property from that person by means of theft.

(2) A joint or common owner of property shall not be deemed to have a right of possession of the property superior to that of any other joint or common owner of the property.

(3) In the absence of a specific agreement to the contrary, a person in lawful possession of property shall be deemed to have a right of possession superior to that of a person having only a security interest in the property, even if legal title to the property lies with the holder of the security interest pursuant to a conditional sale contract or other security agreement. [1971 c.743 §130; 1987 c.158 §28]

164.110 [Repealed by 1971 c.743 §432]

164.115 Value of property. For the purposes of chapter 743, Oregon Laws 1971, the value of property shall be ascertained as follows:

(1) Except as otherwise specified in this section, value means the market value of the property at the time and place of the crime, or if such cannot reasonably be ascertained, the cost of replacement of the property within a reasonable time after the crime.

(2) Whether or not they have been issued or delivered, certain written instruments, not including those having a readily ascertainable market value, shall be evaluated as follows:

(a) The value of an instrument constituting an evidence of debt, including, but not limited to, a check, draft or promissory note, shall be considered the amount due or collectible thereon or thereby.

(b) The value of any other instrument which creates, releases, discharges or otherwise affects any valuable legal right, privilege or obligation shall be considered the greatest amount of economic loss which the owner might reasonably suffer because of the loss of the instrument.

(3) The value of a gambling chip, token, imitation currency or similar device is its face value.

(4) When the value of property cannot reasonably be ascertained, it shall be presumed to be an amount less than $50 in a case of theft, and less than $500 in any other case.

(5) The value of single theft transactions may be added together if the thefts were committed:

(a) Against multiple victims by similar means within a 30-day period; or

(b) Against the same victim, or two or more persons who are joint owners, within a 180-day period. [1971 c.743 §131; 1987 c.907 §6; 1993 c.680 §22; 1997 c.867 §18]

Note: See note under 164.005.

164.125 Theft of services. (1) A person commits the crime of theft of services if:

(a) With intent to avoid payment therefor, the person obtains services that are available only for compensation, by force, threat, deception or other means to avoid payment for the services; or

(b) Having control over the disposition of labor or of business, commercial or industrial equipment or facilities of another, the person uses or diverts to the use of the person or a third person such labor, equipment or facilities with intent to derive for the person or the third person a commercial benefit to which the person or the third person is not entitled.

(2) As used in this section, "services" includes, but is not limited to, labor, professional services, toll facilities, transportation, communications service, entertainment, the supplying of food, lodging or other accommodations in hotels, restaurants or elsewhere, the supplying of equipment for use, and the supplying of commodities of a public utility nature such as gas, electricity, steam and water. "Communication service" includes, but is not limited to, use of telephone, computer and cable television systems.

(3) Absconding without payment or offer to pay for hotel, restaurant or other services for which compensation is customarily paid immediately upon the receiving of them is prima facie evidence that the services were obtained with intent to avoid payment therefor. Obtaining the use of any communication system the use of which is available only for compensation, including but not limited to telephone, computer and cable television systems, or obtaining the use of any services of a public utility nature, without payment or offer to pay for such use is prima facie evidence that the obtaining of the use of such system or the use of such services was gained with intent to avoid payment therefor.

(4) The value of single theft transactions may be added together if the thefts were committed:

(a) Against multiple victims by a similar means within a 30-day period; or

(b) Against the same victim, or two or more persons who are joint owners, within a 180-day period.

(5) Theft of services is:

(a) A Class C misdemeanor if the aggregate total value of services that are the subject of the theft is under $50;

(b) A Class A misdemeanor if the aggregate total value of services that are the subject of the theft is $50 or more but is under $750;

(c) A Class C felony if the aggregate total value of services that are the subject of the theft is $750 or more; and

(d) A Class B felony if the aggregate total value of services that are the subject of the theft is $10,000 or more. [1971 c.743 §133; 1973 c.133 §1; 1985 c.537 §1; 1987 c.907 §8; 1993 c.680 §21]

164.130 Application of ORS 164.125 to telephone or telegraph services; jurisdiction. (1) ORS 164.125 shall apply when the telephone or telegraph communication involved either originates or terminates, or both originates and terminates, in this state, or when the charges for service would have been billable, in normal course, by a person providing telephone or telegraph service in this state, but for the fact that the charge for service was avoided, or attempted to be avoided by one or more of the means set forth in ORS 164.125.

(2) Jurisdiction of an offense under ORS 164.125 is in the jurisdictional territory where the telephone or telegraph communication involved in the offense originates or where it terminates, or the jurisdictional territory to which the bill for the service is sent or would have been sent but for the fact that the service was obtained or attempted to be obtained by one or more of the means set forth in ORS 164.125. [1973 c.133 §3]

164.132 Unlawful distribution of cable television equipment. (1) A person commits the crime of unlawful distribution of cable television equipment if the person knowingly manufactures, imports into this state, distributes, sells, offers for sale, rental or use, possesses for sale, rental or use, or advertises for sale, rental or use, any device designed to make available the unauthorized reception of cable television signals.

(2) Unlawful distribution of cable television equipment is a Class B misdemeanor. [1985 c.537 §3]

164.135 Unauthorized use of a vehicle. (1) A person commits the crime of unauthorized use of a vehicle when:

(a) The person takes, operates, exercises control over, rides in or otherwise uses another's vehicle, boat or aircraft without consent of the owner;

(b) Having custody of a vehicle, boat or aircraft pursuant to an agreement between the person or another and the owner thereof whereby the person or another is to perform for compensation a specific service for the owner involving the maintenance, repair or use of such vehicle, boat or aircraft, the person intentionally uses or operates it, without consent of the owner, for the person's own purpose in a manner constituting a gross deviation from the agreed purpose; or

(c) Having custody of a vehicle, boat or aircraft pursuant to an agreement with the owner thereof whereby such vehicle, boat or aircraft is to be returned to the owner at a specified time, the person knowingly retains or withholds possession thereof without consent of the owner for so lengthy a period beyond the specified time as to render such retention or possession a gross deviation from the agreement.

(2) Unauthorized use of a vehicle, boat or aircraft is a Class C felony.

(3) Subsection (1)(a) of this section does not apply to a person who rides in or otherwise uses a public transit vehicle, as defined in ORS 166.116, if the vehicle is being operated by an authorized operator within the scope of the operator's employment. [1971 c.743 §134; 2001 c.851 §1; 2007 c.71 §50]

164.138 Criminal possession of a rented or leased motor vehicle. (1) A person commits the offense of criminal possession of a rented or leased motor vehicle if:

(a) After renting a motor vehicle from a commercial renter of motor vehicles under a written agreement that provides for the return of the motor vehicle to a particular place at a particular time, the person fails to return the motor vehicle as specified, is thereafter served in accordance with subsection (2) of this section with a written demand to return the motor vehicle and knowingly fails to return the motor vehicle within three calendar days from the date of the receipt or refusal of the demand; or

(b) After leasing a motor vehicle from a commercial lessor of motor vehicles under a written agreement that provides for periodic lease payments, the person fails to pay the lessor a periodic payment when due for a period of 45 days, is thereafter served with a written demand to return the motor vehicle in accordance with subsection (2) of this section and knowingly fails to return the motor vehicle within three calendar days from the date of the receipt or refusal of the demand.

(2)(a) Service of written demand under this section shall be accomplished by delivery through any commercial overnight service that can supply a delivery receipt. The demand shall be sent to the person who obtained the motor vehicle by rental or lease at the address stated in the rental or lease agreement and any other address of the person provided by the person to the renter or lessor. The person is responsible for providing correct current address information to the renter or lessor until the motor vehicle is returned.

(b) The person shall be considered to have refused the written demand if the commercial delivery service determines that the demand is not deliverable to the person at the address or addresses provided by the person.

(3) A bona fide contract dispute with the lessor or renter shall be an affirmative defense to a charge of criminal possession of a rented or leased motor vehicle.

(4) Criminal possession of a rented or leased motor vehicle is a Class C felony. [2007 c.684 §1]

Note: 164.138 was enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but was not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 164 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

164.140 Criminal possession of rented or leased personal property. (1) A person is guilty of criminal possession of rented or leased personal property if:

(a) After renting an item of personal property from a commercial renter of personal property under a written agreement which provides for the return of the item to a particular place at a particular time, the person fails to return the item as specified, is thereafter served by mail with a written demand to return the item, and knowingly fails to return the item within 10 business days from the date of mailing of the demand; or

(b) After leasing an item of personal property from a commercial lessor of personal property under a written agreement which provides for periodic lease payments, the person fails to pay the lessor a periodic payment when due for a period of 45 days, is thereafter served by mail with a written demand to return the item, and knowingly fails to return the item within 10 business days from the date of mailing of the demand.

(2) Service of written demand under this section shall be accomplished by certified mail sent to the person who obtained the item of personal property by rental or lease, sent to the address stated in the rental or lease agreement and any other address of the person provided by the person to the renter or lessor. The person is responsible for providing correct current address information to the renter or lessor until the item of personal property is returned.

(3) A bona fide contract dispute with the lessor or renter shall be an affirmative defense to a charge of criminal possession of rented or leased personal property.

(4) For purposes of this section, the value of property shall be ascertained as provided in ORS 164.115. Criminal possession of rented or leased personal property is:

(a) A Class A misdemeanor if the aggregate total value of the personal property not returned is under $500.

(b) A Class C felony if the aggregate total value of the personal property not returned is $500 or more. [1979 c.476 §3; 1987 c.907 §9]

MAIL-RELATED OFFENSES

164.160 Definitions. As used in this section and ORS 164.162:

(1) "Authorized depository" means a mailbox, post office box or rural box used by postal customers to deposit outgoing mail or used by the Postal Service to deliver incoming mail.

(2) "Mail" means any letter, card, parcel or other material that:

(a) Is sent or delivered by means of the Postal Service;

(b) Has postage affixed by the postal customer or Postal Service or has been accepted for delivery by the Postal Service; and

(c) Is placed in any authorized depository or mail receptacle or given to any Postal Service employee for delivery.

(3) "Mail receptacle" means any location used by the Postal Service or postal customers to place outgoing mail or receive incoming mail.

(4) "Postage" means a Postal Service stamp, permit imprint, meter strip or other authorized indication of prepayment for service provided or authorized by the Postal Service for collection and delivery of mail.

(5) "Postal Service" means the United States Postal Service. [1999 c.920 §1]

Note: 164.160, 164.162 and 164.164 were enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but were not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 164 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

164.162 Mail theft or receipt of stolen mail. (1) A person commits the crime of mail theft or receipt of stolen mail if the person intentionally:

(a) Takes or, by fraud or deception, obtains mail from a post office, postal station, mail receptacle, authorized depository or mail carrier;

(b) Takes from mail any article contained therein;

(c) Secretes, embezzles or destroys mail or any article contained therein;

(d) Takes or, by fraud or deception, obtains mail that has been delivered to or left for collection on or adjacent to a mail receptacle or authorized depository; or

(e) Buys, receives, conceals or possesses mail or any article contained therein knowing that the mail or article has been unlawfully taken or obtained.

(2) Mail theft or receipt of stolen mail is a Class A misdemeanor. [1999 c.920 §2]

Note: See note under 164.160.

164.164 Defense in prosecution under ORS 164.162; applicability of ORS 164.162. (1) In a prosecution under ORS 164.162, it is a defense that the defendant acted under an honest claim of right in that:

(a) The defendant was unaware that the property was that of another person;

(b) The defendant reasonably believed that the defendant was entitled to the property involved or had a right to acquire or dispose of it as the defendant did; or

(c) The property involved was that of the defendant's spouse, unless the parties were not living together as husband and wife and were living in separate abodes at the time of the alleged offense.

(2)(a) ORS 164.162 does not apply to employees charged with the operation of facilities listed in paragraph (b) of this subsection when the employees are carrying out their official duties to protect the safety and security of the facilities.

(b) The facilities to which paragraph (a) of this subsection applies are juvenile detention facilities and local correctional facilities as defined in ORS 169.005, detention facilities as defined in ORS 419A.004, youth correction facilities as defined in ORS 420.005 and Department of Corrections institutions as defined in ORS 421.005. [1999 c.920 §3]

Note: See note under 164.160.

MONEY LAUNDERING

164.170 Laundering a monetary instrument. (1) A person commits the crime of laundering a monetary instrument if the person:

(a) Knowing that the property involved in a financial transaction represents the proceeds of some form, though not necessarily which form, of unlawful activity, conducts or attempts to conduct a financial transaction that involves the proceeds of unlawful activity:

(A) With the intent to promote the carrying on of unlawful activity; or

(B) Knowing that the transaction is designed in whole or in part to:

(i) Conceal or disguise the nature, location, source, ownership or control of the proceeds of unlawful activity; or

(ii) Avoid a transaction reporting requirement under federal law;

(b) Transports, transmits or transfers or attempts to transport, transmit or transfer a monetary instrument or funds:

(A) With the intent to promote the carrying on of unlawful activity; or

(B) Knowing that the monetary instrument or funds involved in the transportation, transmission or transfer represent the proceeds of some form, though not necessarily which form, of unlawful activity and knowing that the transportation, transmission or transfer is designed, in whole or in part, to:

(i) Conceal or disguise the nature, location, source, ownership or control of the proceeds of unlawful activity; or

(ii) Avoid a transaction reporting requirement under federal law; or

(c) Intentionally conducts or attempts to conduct a financial transaction involving property represented to be the proceeds of unlawful activity or property used to conduct or facilitate unlawful activity to:

(A) Promote the carrying on of unlawful activity;

(B) Conceal or disguise the nature, location, source, ownership or control of property believed to be the proceeds of unlawful activity; or

(C) Avoid a transaction reporting requirement under federal law.

(2)(a) Laundering a monetary instrument is a Class B felony.

(b) In addition to any other sentence of imprisonment or fine that a court may impose and notwithstanding ORS 161.625, a court may include in the sentence of a person convicted under this section a fine in an amount equal to the value of the property, funds or monetary instruments involved in the unlawful transaction.

(3) For purposes of subsection (1)(b)(B) of this section, the state may establish the defendant's knowledge through evidence that a peace officer, federal officer or another person acting at the direction of or with the approval of a peace officer or federal officer represented the matter specified in subsection (1)(b)(B) of this section as true and the defendant's subsequent statements or actions indicate that the defendant believed the representations to be true.

(4) For purposes of subsection (1)(c) of this section, "represented" includes, but is not limited to, any representation made by a peace officer, federal officer or another person acting at the direction of or with the approval of a peace officer or federal officer.

(5) As used in this section:

(a) "Conducts" includes initiating, concluding or participating in the initiation or conclusion of a transaction.

(b) "Federal officer" has the meaning given that term in ORS 133.005.

(c) "Financial institution" has the meaning given that term in ORS 706.008.

(d) "Financial transaction" means a transaction involving:

(A) The movement of funds by wire or other means;

(B) One or more monetary instruments;

(C) The transfer of title to any real property, vehicle, vessel or aircraft; or

(D) The use of a financial institution.

(e) "Monetary instrument" means:

(A) Coin or currency of the United States or of any other country, traveler's checks, personal checks, bank checks, cashier's checks, money orders, foreign bank drafts of any foreign country or gold, silver or platinum bullion or coins; or

(B) Investment securities or negotiable instruments, in bearer form or otherwise in such form that title passes upon delivery.

(f) "Peace officer" has the meaning given that term in ORS 133.005.

(g) "Transaction" includes a purchase, sale, loan, pledge, gift, transfer, delivery or other disposition and, with respect to a financial institution, includes a deposit, withdrawal, transfer between accounts, exchange of currency, loan, extension of credit, purchase or sale of any stock, bond, certificate of deposit or other monetary instrument, use of a safe deposit box or any other payment, transfer or delivery by, through or to a financial institution by whatever means.

(h) "Unlawful activity" means any act constituting a felony under state, federal or foreign law. [1999 c.878 §1]

Note: 164.170, 164.172 and 164.174 were enacted into law by the Legislative Assembly but were not added to or made a part of ORS chapter 164 or any series therein by legislative action. See Preface to Oregon Revised Statutes for further explanation.

164.172 Engaging in a financial transaction in property derived from unlawful activity. (1) A person commits the crime of engaging in a financial transaction in property derived from unlawful activity if the person knowingly engages in or attempts to engage in a financial transaction in property that:

(a) Constitutes, or is derived from, the proceeds of unlawful activity;

(b) Is of a value greater than $10,000; and

(c) The person knows is derived from or represents the proceeds of some form, though not necessarily which form, of unlawful activity.

(2)(a) Engaging in a financial transaction in property derived from unlawful activity is a Class C felony.

(b) In addition to any other sentence of imprisonment or fine that a court may impose and notwithstanding ORS 161.625, a court may include in the sentence of a person convicted under this section a fine in an amount equal to the value of the property involved in the unlawful transaction.

(3) As used in this section:

(a) "Financial transaction" has the meaning given that term in ORS 164.170. "Financial transaction" does not include any transaction necessary to preserve a person's right to representation as guaranteed by section 11, Article I of the Oregon Constitution, and the Sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution.

(b) "Unlawful activity" has the meaning given that term in ORS 164.170. [1999 c.878 §2]

Note: See note under 164.170.

164.174 Exceptions. Nothing in ORS 164.170 or 164.172 or the amendments to ORS 166.715 by section 4, chapter 878, Oregon Laws 1999, is intended to allow the prosecution of a corporation, business, partnership, limited liability company, limited liability partnership or any similar entity, or an employee or agent of such an entity, that makes a good faith effort to comply with federal and state laws governing the entity. [1999 c.878 §3]

Note: See note under 164.170.

BURGLARY AND CRIMINAL TRESPASS

164.205 Definitions for ORS 164.205 to 164.270. As used in ORS 164.205 to 164.270, except as the context requires otherwise:

(1) "Building," in addition to its ordinary meaning, includes any booth, vehicle, boat, aircraft or other structure adapted for overnight accommodation of persons or for carrying on business therein. Where a building consists of separate units, including, but not limited to, separate apartments, offices or rented rooms, each unit is, in addition to being a part of such building, a separate building.

(2) "Dwelling" means a building which regularly or intermittently is occupied by a person lodging therein at night, whether or not a person is actually present.

(3) "Enter or remain unlawfully" means:

(a) To enter or remain in or upon premises when the premises, at the time of such entry or remaining, are not open to the public or when the entrant is not otherwise licensed or privileged to do so;

(b) To fail to leave premises that are open to the public after being lawfully directed to do so by the person in charge;

(c) To enter premises that are open to the public after being lawfully directed not to enter the premises; or

(d) To enter or remain in a motor vehicle when the entrant is not authorized to do so.

(4) "Open to the public" means premises which by their physical nature, function, custom, usage, notice or lack thereof or other circumstances at the time would cause a reasonable person to believe that no permission to enter or remain is required.

(5) "Person in charge" means a person, a representative or employee of the person who has lawful control of premises by ownership, tenancy, official position or other legal relationship. "Person in charge" includes, but is not limited to the person, or holder of a position, designated as the person or position-holder in charge by the Governor, board, commission or governing body of any political subdivision of this state.

(6) "Premises" includes any building and any real property, whether privately or publicly owned. [1971 c.743 §135; 1983 c.740 §33; 1999 c.1040 §10; 2003 c.444 §1]

164.215 Burglary in the second degree. (1) Except as otherwise provided in ORS 164.255, a person commits the crime of burglary in the second degree if the person enters or remains unlawfully in a building with intent to commit a crime therein.

(2) Burglary in the second degree is a Class C felony. [1971 c.743 §136; 1993 c.680 §24]

164.225 Burglary in the first degree. (1) A person commits the crime of burglary in the first degree if the person violates ORS 164.215 and the building is a dwelling, or if in effecting entry or while in a building or in immediate flight therefrom the person:

(a) Is armed with a burglary tool or theft device as defined in ORS 164.235 or a deadly weapon;

(b) Causes or attempts to cause physical injury to any person; or

(c) Uses or threatens to use a dangerous weapon.

(2) Burglary in the first degree is a Class A felony. [1971 c.743 §137; 2003 c.577 §10]

164.235 Possession of a burglary tool or theft device. (1) A person commits the crime of possession of a burglary tool or theft device if the person possesses a burglary tool or theft device and the person:

(a) Intends to use the tool or device to commit or facilitate a forcible entry into premises or a theft by a physical taking; or

(b) Knows that another person intends to use the tool or device to commit or facilitate a forcible entry into premises or a theft by a physical taking.

(2) For purposes of this section, "burglary tool or theft device" means an acetylene torch, electric arc, burning bar, thermal lance, oxygen lance or other similar device capable of burning through steel, concrete or other solid material, or nitroglycerine, dynamite, gunpowder or any other explosive, tool, instrument or other article adapted or designed for committing or facilitating a forcible entry into premises or theft by a physical taking.

(3) Possession of a burglary tool or theft device is a Class A misdemeanor. [1971 c.743 §138; 1999 c.1040 §13; 2003 c.577 §9]

164.243 Criminal trespass in the second degree by a guest. A guest commits the crime of criminal trespass in the second degree if that guest intentionally remains unlawfully in a transient lodging after the departure date of the guest's reservation without the approval of the hotelkeeper. "Guest" means a person who is registered at a hotel and is assigned to transient lodging, and includes any individual accompanying the person. [1979 c.856 §2]

164.245 Criminal trespass in the second degree. (1) A person commits the crime of criminal trespass in the second degree if the person enters or remains unlawfully in a motor vehicle or in or upon premises.

(2) Criminal trespass in the second degree is a Class C misdemeanor. [1971 c.743 §139; 1999 c.1040 §9]

164.255 Criminal trespass in the first degree. (1) A person commits the crime of criminal trespass in the first degree if the person:

(a) Enters or remains unlawfully in a dwelling;

(b) Having been denied future entry to a building pursuant to a merchant's notice of trespass, reenters the building during hours when the building is open to the public with the intent to commit theft therein;

(c) Enters or remains unlawfully upon railroad yards, tracks, bridges or rights of way; or

(d) Enters or remains unlawfully in or upon premises that have been determined to be not fit for use under ORS 453.855 to 453.912.

(2) Subsection (1)(d) of this section does not apply to the owner of record of the premises if:

(a) The owner notifies the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the premises that the owner intends to enter the premises;

(b) The owner enters or remains on the premises for the purpose of inspecting or decontaminating the premises or lawfully removing items from the premises; and

(c) The owner has not been arrested for, charged with or convicted of a criminal offense that contributed to the determination that the premises are not fit for use.

(3) Criminal trespass in the first degree is a Class A misdemeanor. [1971 c.743 §140; 1993 c.680 §23; 1999 c.837 §1; 2001 c.386 §1; 2003 c.527 §1]

164.265 Criminal trespass while in possession of firearm. (1) A person commits the crime of criminal trespass while in possession of a firearm who, while in possession of a firearm, enters or remains unlawfully in or upon premises.

(2) Criminal trespass while in possession of a firearm is a Class A misdemeanor. [1979 c.603 §2]

164.270 Closure of premises to motor-propelled vehicles. (1) For purposes of ORS 164.245, a landowner or an agent of the landowner may close the privately owned premises of the landowner to motor-propelled vehicles by posting signs on or near the boundaries of the closed premises at the normal points of entry as follows:

(a) Signs must be no smaller than eight inches in height and 11 inches in width;

(b) Signs must contain the words "Closed to Motor-propelled Vehicles" or words to that effect in letters no less than one inch in height;

(c) Signs must display the name, business address and phone number, if any, of the landowner or agent of the landowner; and

(d) Signs must be posted at normal points of entry and be no further apart than 350 yards.

(2) A person violates ORS 164.245 if the person operates or rides upon or within a motor-propelled vehicle upon privately owned premises when the premises are posted as provided in this section and the person does not have written authorization to operate a motor-propelled vehicle upon the premises.

(3) Nothing contained in this section prevents emergency or law enforcement vehicles from entering upon land closed to motor-propelled vehicles. [1981 c.394 §2]

164.272 Unlawful entry into motor vehicle. (1) A person commits the crime of unlawful entry into a motor vehicle if the person enters a motor vehicle, or any part of a motor vehicle, with the intent to commit a crime.

(2) Unlawful entry into a motor vehicle is a Class A misdemeanor.

(3) As used in this section, "enters" includes, but is not limited to, inserting:

(a) Any part of the body; or

(b) Any object connected with the body. [1995 c.782 §1]

 

Identity Theft      
State State Code Statute Title Statute, penalties and restitution

Oregon

165.800
2007 Chapter 184

Identity theft
Aggravated identity theft

Class C felony
Class B felony

 

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Please note, the theft law information on this page is provided as a courtesy to help explain theft, shoplifting and stealing laws. There is no guarantee or assurance of reliability or validity. Laws change over time and this page may or may not be current. The code that is provided on this site is an unofficial posting of the State Codes. The files making up this Internet version of the State Codes do not constitute the official text of the State Codes and are intended for informational purposes only. No representation is made as to the accuracy or completeness of these sections. While every effort was made to ensure the accuracy and completeness of the statutes available Offender SolutionsT shall not be liable or held responsible for any errors or omissions which may occur in these files, they are provided on an "As Is" basis. Use of the information and services are at the sole risk of the user. For official versions of any state's current laws, the user is directed to that states Revised Statutes, all amendments and cumulative supplements thereto published by that state. Please notify the Webmaster if you find any irregularities in the statutes on this web site. The Webmaster will relay the information to appropriate staff to investigate the irregularities. The printed version of the State Codes should be consulted for all matters requiring reliance on the statutory text. If you were involved in a theft or shoplifting incident you are encouraged to consider taking a theft cloass, theft course or shoplifting education class such as the one provided by offender solutions. Research shows theft school and/or theft education can be an effective theft prevention. Offender Solutions™ is an online theft education, shoplifting education class about stealing, it can be very effective if you want to stop stealing. Evan it was a small theft, a petty theft class or petty theft school could be right for you!


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